John F. Kennedy Jr. salutes his father’s coffin along with the honor guard.
Happy Birthday Tsarevich Alexei - August 12th
"He had a quick wit and a keen , penetrating mind. He surprised me with questions beyond his years which bore witness to a delicate and intuitive spirit. Those not forced to teach him habits of discipline as I was, could quick fall under the spell of his charm. Under the capricious little creature I had first know, I discovered a child of a naturally affectionate disposition, sensitive to suffering in others just because he suffered so much himself."
— Pierre Gilliard
Pedestrians walk past a burnt-out Jewish shop in Berlin in 1938, the day after the Kristallnacht.
The recovery and restitution of stolen art after World War II. (X)
Darya Nikolayevna Saltykova was a russian noble from Moscow, who was responsible for the torture and murder of over 100 of her own servant girls. She was found guilty of having killed 38 people, although 138 suspicious deaths were counted in total. She was sentenced to life imprisonment, but before she started her sentence she was made to stand on a platform in Moscow for one hour wearing a sign that read ‘This woman has tortured and murdered’.
The immediate reaction of German POWs upon being forced by the US Army to watch to the uncensored footage of the concentration camps shot by the US Signal Corps.
People often forget that most of the German troops had no idea about what was going on, they weren’t all fanatic Nazis bent on genocide, they were just regular soldiers who answered the call when their country went to war.
Jack the Ripper claimed his first victim in 1888 - a prostitute in London’s East End know as ‘Polly’, though her real name was Mary Nichols. Her throat had been cut and there were various stab wounds to her stomach and genitals. About a month later, prostitute Annie Chapman was found disembowelled, her entrails laid across one shoulder. In a patter that was to prove horribly familiar, parts of the body, in this case the bladder, vagina, womb, and ovaries, were missing. The murders continued, each one more gruesome than the last; in the case of victim Catherine Eddowes, a kidney was removed and then half of it sent to the police with a letter bragging that the killer had eaten the other half. Finally, with the murder of Mary Kelly, the Ripper reached new depths of violence and madness: her dead body was disembowelled and her hand had been inserted into her stomach. In addition, her liver had been placed on her thigh, while her breast had been cut off and laid out beside her severed heart, kidneys, and nose. Strips of flesh were hung from nails around the room in which she was murdered. A post-mortem discovered that Kelly had been three months pregnant, but the Ripper had taken her womb and fetus with him. Jack the Ripper was never found, and speculation about him (or, according to one theory, her) continued to abound, casting a long shadow over the inhabitants of London for many years. Every time a fresh murder was committed, people would fear the hand of the Ripper; murders that had happened before the Ripper’s reign of terror were also re-examined. Currently, the case is still open, and the lists of suspects contribute to grow as the evidence is repeatedly sifted, in the hopes of one day solving the mystery.
The youngest person to be executed in the USA was a 14 year old black boy who didn’t get a fair trial and had to sit on a Bible in order to fit into the electric chair
His name is George Junius Stinney, Jr. , he was 14 years. 6months. and 5 days old when he was executed — and holds the title of being the youngest person ever executed in the United States in the 20th Century. In a South Carolina prison sixty-six years ago, guards walked the 14-year-old boy, bible tucked under his arm, to the electric chair. Standing only 5′ 1″ and weighing a mere 95 pounds, the straps of the chair didn’t fit, and an electrode was too big for his leg. But that didn’t matter. The switch was pulled anyway and the adult sized death mask fell from George Stinney’s face. Tears streamed from his eyes. Witnesses recoiled in horror as they sat and watched the youngest person ever executed in the United States in the past century die. Stinney was accused of killing two white girls, 11 year old Betty June Binnicker and 8 year old Mary Emma Thames, by beating them with a railroad spike then dragging their bodies to a ditch near Acolu, about five miles from Manning in central South Carolina. The girls were found a day after they disappeared following a massive manhunt. Stinney was arrested a few hours later when white men in suits came and took him away. Because of the risk of a lynching, Stinney was kept at a jail 50 miles away in Columbia, SC. Stinney’s father, who had helped look for the girls, was fired immediately and ordered to leave his home and the sawmill where he worked. His family was told to leave town prior to the trial to avoid further retribution. An atmosphere of lynch mob hysteria hung over the courthouse. Without family visits, the 14 year old had to endure the trial and death alone. Community activists are still fighting to clear Stinney’s name, saying the young boy couldn’t possibly have killed two girls. In several cases like Stinney’s, petitions are being made before parole boards and courts are being asked to overturn decisions made when society’s thumb was weighing the scales of justice against blacks.